Allergic and irritant dermatitis
There are two types of contact dermatitis: allergic and irritant. Irritant contact dermatitis is a localized, inflammatory skin response to myriad of chemical or physical agents. It is also the most common of the two. In fact, occupational contact dermatitis is the most frequent cause of hand eczema. It is highest among those who wash their hands often, such as food handlers, healthcare workers, mechanical industry workers, and housekeepers. Prevention is important with barrier agents and gloves to prevent exposure to irritants. Treatment includes topical steroids and moisturizing.